[Ubuntu 16.04] Tomcat 8.5.x 설치

OS/Linux 2017.11.07 11:30 Posted by 파란크리스마스

출처 : How To Install Apache Tomcat 8 on Ubuntu 16.04 | DigitalOcean

tomcat 그룹, tomcat 사용자 생성

$ sudo groupadd tomcat
$ sudo useradd -g tomcat -s /bin/bash -m tomcat

Tomcat 8.5 다운로드 및 압축해제

$ cd /usr/local
$ sudo wget http://mirror.apache-kr.org/tomcat/tomcat-8/v8.5.23/bin/apache-tomcat-8.5.23.tar.gz
$ sudo tar xvf apache-tomcat-8.5.23.tar.gz 

Tomcat 설치된 경우 tomcat 사용자로 소유자 변경

$ sudo chown -R tomcat:tomcat /usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23

jdk 설치 확인

$ sudo update-java-alternatives -l
java-8-oracle                  1081       /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle

서비스 파일 작성

$ sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/tomcat.service

[Unit]
Description=Apache Tomcat Web Application Container
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking

Environment=JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
Environment=CATALINA_PID=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/temp/tomcat.pid
Environment=CATALINA_HOME=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23
Environment=CATALINA_BASE=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23
Environment='CATALINA_OPTS=-Xms512M -Xmx1024M -server -XX:+UseParallelGC'
Environment='JAVA_OPTS=-Djava.awt.headless=true -Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom'

ExecStart=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/bin/startup.sh
ExecStop=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/bin/shutdown.sh

User=tomcat
Group=tomcat
UMask=0007
RestartSec=10
Restart=always

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Tomcat 8.5 서비스 등록

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl enable tomcat      (재부팅시 자동실행)
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/tomcat.service to /etc/systemd/system/tomcat.service.

Tomcat 8.5 서비스 실행

$ sudo systemctl start tomcat

Tomcat 8.5 서비스 실행 정보 확인

$ systemctl status tomcat.service
● tomcat.service - Apache Tomcat Web Application Container
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/tomcat.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since 화 2017-11-07 14:08:26 KST; 13s ago
  Process: 32519 ExecStart=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/bin/startup.sh (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 32526 (java)
   CGroup: /system.slice/tomcat.service
           └─32526 /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/bin/java -Djava.util.logging.config.file=/usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/conf/l

11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu systemd[1]: Starting Apache Tomcat Web Application Container...
11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu startup.sh[32519]: Using CATALINA_BASE:   /usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23
11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu startup.sh[32519]: Using CATALINA_HOME:   /usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23
11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu startup.sh[32519]: Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/apache-tomcat-8.5.23/temp
11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu startup.sh[32519]: Using JRE_HOME:        /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
11월 07 14:08:26 bluesanta-ubuntu systemd[1]: Started Apache Tomcat Web Application Container.

Tomcat 8.5 서비스 종료

$ sudo systemctl stop tomcat
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